Department of  Neurosurgery
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Pediatric Neurosurgery

The Washington University Craniofacial Team includes specialty fellowship-trained, board-certified surgeons specializing in pediatric craniofacial disorders. Our team offers traditional open surgical techniques as well as newer minimally invasive endoscopic approaches to congenital craniofacial disorders such as craniosynostosis and related craniofacial conditions.

Conditions & Treatments

Craniosynostosis is the most common disorder treated by the team. It is a congenital disorder in which one or more of the growth plates, or sutures, of the infant’s skull fuses prematurely, resulting in restriction of normal brain growth and abnormal facial and cranial shapes. Other congenital defects such as facial clefts, encephaloceles and congenital anomalies of the skull and scalp are also managed by the craniofacial team.Otherwise normal infants with single-suture fusions represent the most common cases, occurring in approximately one in 3,000 births.Genetically mediated craniofacial syndromes, such as Crouzon’s, Apert’s, Pfeiffer’s and others, are also diagnosed and treated by the multidisciplinary craniofacial team.The team was one of the first in the country to adopt and modify the recent technical advance of minimally invasive, endoscopically assisted craniosynostosis repair and has been offering this alternative procedure since 2006.

Read more about Endoscopic Craniosynostosis Repair at St. Louis Children's Hospital


Neurosurgery Provider

Providers from Other Departments

  • Albert Woo, MD
  • Kamlesh Patel, MD


The Cleft Palate and Craniofacial Team including members from Craniofacial Plastic Surgery, Pediatric Neurosurgery, Oral Surgery, Otolaryngology, Dentistry, Psychology, Audiology and Speech Pathology conducts patient conferences weekly on Fridays concurrently with the Cleft Palate and Craniofacial Team clinic.


350+ surgeries performed by Craniofacial Team in the past decade, including more than 150 endoscopically assisted procedures.

Infection and other complication rates have been less than 1% with no deaths.