Department of  Neurosurgery
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Robert L. Grubb Jr., MD

Robert L. Grubb Jr., MDEmeritus Herbert Lourie Professor of Neurological Surgery
and Professor of Radiation Sciences

Washington University School of Medicine
Department of Neurological Surgery
660 S. Euclid Avenue
Campus Box 8057
St. Louis, Missouri 63110

Administrative Office: 314-747-6142
Patient Appointments: 314-362-3577
Fax: 314-362-2107

Clinical Interests
Spinal disorders and general neurosurgical disorders.

Research Interests
Randomized trial of extracranial-intracranial artery anastomosis surgery vs. medical therapy in patients with complete occlusion of the carotid artery; positron emission tomography (PET) studies in patients with severe head injury.

Education
AB, Chemistry, University of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
l957 - 1961

MD, University of North Carolina
School of Medicine
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
l96l - l965

Residency
Intern, Department of Surgery
Barnes Hospital
St. Louis, Missouri
1965-1966

Assistant Resident, General Surgery
Barnes Hospital
St. Louis, Missouri
1966-1967

Assistant Resident, Neurological Surgery
Barnes Hospital
St. Louis, Missouri
1969-1971

Senior Resident, Neurological Surgery
Barnes Hospital
St. Louis, Missouri
1973

Fellowship
Fellow, Neurological Surgery
Washington University School of Medicine
St. Louis, Missouri
1971-1972

NINDS Fellow
Washington University School of Medicine
St. Louis, Missouri
1972-1973

Hospital Appointments
Barnes-Jewish Hospital
St. Louis Children’s Hospital

Medical Licensure
Missouri, North Carolina

Board Certification
American Board of Neurological Surgery (1976)

Publications

  1. Naumann, RA, Grubb, RL,Jr., and Ommaya, AK: Cerebrospinal fluid oxygen tension in hypoxia. Surg. Forum 20:442-443, l969.
  2. Grubb, R.L., Jr., Naumann, R.A. and Ommaya, A.K.: Respiration and the cerebrospinal fluid in experimental cerebral concussion. J. Neurosurg. 32:320-329, l970.
  3. Ommaya, A.K., Grubb, R.L. Jr. and Naumann, R.A.: Coup and contrecoup injury: Observations on the mechanics of visible brain injury in the rhesus monkey. J. Neurosurg. 35:503-5l6, l97l.
  4. Grubb, R.L. Jr., Phelps, M.E. and Ter-Pogossian, M.M.: Regional cerebral blood volume in humans. X-ray fluorescence Studies. Arch. Neurol. 28:38-44, l973.
  5. Grubb, R.L. Jr., Phelps, M.E., Raichle, M.E. and Ter-Pogossian, M.M.: The effects of arterial blood pressure on the regional cerebral blood volume by x-ray fluorescence. Stroke 4:390-400, l973.
  6. Phelps, M.E., Grubb, R.L. Jr. and Ter-Pogossian, M.M.: Correlation between PaCO2 and regional cerebral blood volume by x-ray fluorescence. J. Appl. Physiol. 35:274-280, l973.
  7. Phelps, M.E., Grubb, R.L. Jr. and Ter-Pogossian, M.M.: In vivo regional cerebral blood volume by x-ray fluorescence: Validation of method. J. Appl. Physiol. 35:74l-747, l973.
  8. Grubb, R.L. Jr., Hernandez-Perez, M.J., Raichle, M.E. and Phelps, M.E.: The effects of iodinated contrast agents on autoregulation of cerebral blood flow. Stroke 5:l55-l60, l974.
  9. Raichle, M.E., Eichling, J.O. and Grubb, R.L. Jr.: Brain permeability of water. Arch. Neurol. 30:3l9-32l, l974.
  10. Grubb, R.L. Jr., Raichle, M.E., Eichling, J.O. and Ter-Pogossian, M.M.: The effects of changes in PaCO2 on cerebral blood volume, blood flow, and vascular mean transit time. Stroke 5:630-639, l974.
  11. Grubb, R.L. Jr. and Dehner, L.P.: Congenital fibrosarcoma of the thoracolumbar region. J. Ped. Surg. 9:785-786, l974.
  12. Eichling, J.O., Raichle, M.E., Grubb, R.L. Jr. and Ter-Pogossian, M.M.: Evidence of the limitations of water as a freely diffusible tracer in brain of the Rhesus monkey. Circ. Res. 35:358-364, l974.
  13. Raichle, M.E., Larson, K.B., Phelps, M.E., Grubb, R.L. Jr., Welch, M.J., and Ter-Pogossian, M.M.: In vivo measurement of brain glucose transport and metabolism employing glucose-11C. Amer. J. Physiol. 228:l936-l948,l975.
  14. Eichling, J.O., Raichle, M.E., Grubb, R.L. Jr. and Larson, K.B.: In vivo determination of cerebral blood volume employing radioactive oxygen-l5. Circ. Res. 37:707-7l4, l975.
  15. Gado, M.H., Raichle, M.E., Eichling, J.O., Phelps, M.E., Grubb, R.L. Jr. and Ter-Pogossian, M.M.: Appraisal of the angiographic circulation time as an index of cerebral blood flow. Radiol. ll5:l07-ll2, l975.
  16. Grubb, R.L. Jr., Raichle, M.E., Phelps, M.E. and Ratcheson, R.A.: Effects of increased intracranial pressure upon cerebral blood volume, blood flow and oxygen utilization in monkeys. J. Neurosurg. 43:385-398, l975.
  17. Raichle, M.E., Grubb, R.L. Jr., Gado, M.H. and Eichling, J.O.: Correlation between regional cerebral blood flow and oxidative metabolism. In vivo studies in man. Arch. Neurol. 33:523-526,l976.
  18. Raichle, M.E., Grubb, R.L. Jr., Eichling, J.O. and Ter-Pogossian, M.M.: Measurement of cerebral oxygen utilization with radioactive oxygen-l5: Experimental verification: J. Appl. Physiol. 40:638-640, l976.
  19. Grubb, R.L. Jr., Raichle, M.E., Eichling, J.O., Gado, M.H.: Effects of subarachnoid hemorrhage upon cerebral blood volume, blood flow, and oxygen utilization in humans. J.Neurosurg. 46:446-453, l977.
  20. Grubb, R.L. Jr., Raichle, M.E., Gado, M.H., Eichling, J.O., Hughes, C.P.: Cerebral blood flow, oxygen utilization, and blood volume in dementia. Neurol. 27:905-9l0, l977.
  21. Raichle, M.E., Welch, M.J., Grubb, R.L. Jr., Higgins, C.S., Ter-Pogossian, M.M. and Larson, K.B.: Measurement of regional substrate utilization rates using emission tomography. Science l99:986-987, l978.
  22. Raichle, M.E. and Grubb, R.L. Jr.: Regulation of brain water permeability by centrally-released vasopressin. Brain Res. l43:l9l-l94, 1978.
  23. Grubb, R.L. Jr., Raichle, M.E., Eichling, J.O.: Peripheral sympathetic regulation of brain water permeability. Brain Res. l44:204-207, l978.
  24. Grubb, R.L. Jr.: Emission computed tomography. Neurosurgery 2:273-280, 1978.
  25. Raichle, M.E., Grubb, R.L. Jr., Phelps, M.E., Gado, M.H., Caronna, J.J.: Cerebral hemodynamics and metabolism in pseudotumor cerebri. Ann. Neurol. 4:l04-lll, 1978
  26. Grubb, R.L. Jr., Raichle, M.E., Higgins, C.S., Eichling, J.O.: Measurement of regional cerebral blood volume by emission tomography. Ann. Neurol. 4:322-328, 1978.
  27. Hughes, C.P., Siegel, B.A., Coxe, W.S., Gado, M.H., Grubb, R.L. Jr., Coleman, R.E., Berg, L.: Adult idiopathic communicating hydrocephalus with and without shunting. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiat. 4l:96l-971, 1978.
  28. Kleifoth, A.B., Grubb, R.L. Jr., Raichle, M.E.: Depression of cerebral oxygen utilization by hypercapnia in the rhesus monkey. J. Neurochem. 32:661-663, 1978.
  29. Raichle, M.E., Grubb, R.J. Jr., Higgins, C.S: Measurement of brain tissue carbon dioxide in vivo by emission tomography. Brain Res. 166: 414-417, 1979.
  30. Grubb, R.L. Jr., Ratcheson, R.A., Raichle, M.E., Kleifoth, A.B., Gado, M.H.: Regional cerebral blood flow and oxygen utilization in superficial temporal-middle cerebral artery anastomosis patients. An exploratory definition of clinical problems. J. Neurosurg. 50:733-74l, l979.
  31. Grubb, R.L. Jr., Raichle, M.E.: Intraventricular angiotensin II increases brain water permeability. Brain Res. 2l0:426-430, l98l.
  32. Montgomery, E.B., Jr., Grubb, R.L. Jr., Raichle, M.E.: Cerebral hemodynamics and metabolism in postoperative cerebral vasospasm and treatment with hypertensive therapy: A case report. Ann Neurol. 9:502-505, l98l.
  33. Grubb, R.L. Jr., and Raichle, M.E.: Effects of hemorrhagic and pharmacologic hypotension on cerebral oxygen utilization and blood flow. Anesthesiology 56:3-8, l982.
  34. Baker, R.P., Grubb, R.L. Jr.: Complete fracture-dislocation of cervical spine without neurological sequelae. Case report. J. Neurosurg 58:760-762, l983.
  35. Gast, M.J., Grubb, R.L. Jr., and Strickler, R.C.: Maternal hydrocephalus and pregnancy. Obstetrics and Gynecology 62:295-3l5, l983.
  36. Powers, W.J., Martin, W.R.W., Herscovitch, P., Raichle, M.E., Grubb, R.L. Jr.: Extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery: Hemodynamic and metabolic effects. Neurology 34:ll68-ll74, l984.
  37. Powers, W.J., Grubb, R.L. Jr., Raichle, M.E.: Physiological responses to focal cerebral ischemia in humans. Ann. Neurol. l6:546-552, l984.
  38. Martin, W.R.W., Baker, R.P., Grubb, R.L. Jr., Raichle, M.E.: Cerebral blood volume, blood flow, and oxygen metabolism in cerebral ischemia and subarachnoid hemorrhage: an in vivo study using positron emission tomography. Acta Neurochir. 70:3-9, l984.
  39. Powers, W.J., Grubb, Jr., R.L., Baker, R.P. Mintun, M., Raichle, M.E.: Regional cerebral blood flow and metabolism in reversible ischemia due to vasospasm. J. Neurosurg. 62:539-546, l985.
  40. Rekate, H.L., Grubb, R.L. Jr., Aram, D.M., Hahn, J., Ratcheson, R.A.: Muteness of cerebellar origin. Arch Neurol 42:697-698, 1985.
  41. Powers, W.J., Grubb, R.L. Jr., Darriet, D., Raichle, M.E.: Cerebral blood flow and cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen requirements for cerebral function and viability in humans. J. Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. 5:600-608, 1985.
  42. Camel, M., Grubb, R.L. Jr: Treatment of chronic subdural hematoma by twistdrill craniostomy with continuous catheter drainage. J. Neurosurg. 65:183-187, 1986.
  43. Disch, S.P., Grubb, R.L. Jr., Gado, M.H. Strecker, W.B., Marbarger, J.P.: Aneurysmal bone cyst of the cervico-thoracic spine: Computerized tomography evaluation and the value of preoperative embolization. Neurosurgery l9:290-293, l986.
  44. Powers, W.J., Press, G.W., Grubb, R.L., Jr., Gado, M.,Raichle, M.E.: The effect of hemodynamically significant carotid artery disease on the hemodynamic status of the cerebral circulation. Ann. Int.Med. l06:27-35, l987.
  45. Bernardo, KL, Grubb, RL, Coxe, WS, Roper, CL: Anterior cervical disc herniation. Case Report. J. Neurosurg. 69:134-136, 1988.
  46. Bridwell, K, Jenny, AB, Saul,T, Rich, KM, Grubb, RL,Jr.,: Posterolateral debridement-decompression of metastatic spine tumor with posterior segmented instrumentation. Limitation of the technique: Spine 13:1383-1394, 1988.
  47. Powers, WJ, Grubb, RL.Jr., Raichle, ME: Clinical results of extracranial-intracranial bypass surgery in patients with hemodynamic cerebrovascular disease. J. Neurosurg 70:61-67, 1989.
  48. Powers, WJ, Tempel, LW, Grubb, RL,Jr.,: Influence of cerebral hemodynamics on stroke risk: One year follow-up of thirty medically treated patients. Ann. Neurol. 25:325-330, 1989.
  49. Tempelhoff, R, Modica, PA, Grubb, RL,Jr., Rich, KM, Holtman, B: Selective shunting during carotid endarterectomy based on two channel computerized electroencephalographic compressed spectral array analysis. Neurosurgery 24:339-344, 1989.
  50. Tempelhoff, R. Modica, RA, Rich, EK, Grubb, RL, Jr.,: Use of computerized electroencephalographic monitoring during aneurysm surgery. J. Neurosurg 71:23-31, 1989.
  51. Grubb, RL, Jr.: Sidney Goldring. Surg Neurol. 31:423-425, 1989.
  52. Smith, PG, Leonetti, JP, Grubb, RL,Jr.: Management of neurovascular complications in extended skull base surgery. Laryngoscope 99:492-496, 1989.
  53. Smith, PG, Leonetti, JP, Grubb, RL,Jr.: Management of cerebrospinal fluid otorhinorrhea complicating the retrosigmoid approach of the cerebellopontine angle. Amer. J. Otol: 11:178-181, 1990.
  54. Leonetti, JP, Smith, PG, Grubb, RL,Jr.: Control of bleeding in extended skull base surgery. Amer. J. Otol. 11:254-259, 1990.
  55. Leonetti, JP, Smith, PG, Grubb, RL,Jr.: The perioperative management of the petrous carotid artery in contemporary surgery of the skull base. Otolaryngol Head and Neck Surg. 103:46-51, 1990.
  56. Smith, PG, Grubb, RL,Jr., Kletzker, GR, Leonetti, JP: Combined pterional-anterolateral approaches to cranial base tumors: Otolaryngol Head and Neck Surg. 103:357-363, 1990.
  57. Leonetti, JP, Reichman, OH, Smith, PG, Grubb, RL,Jr., Kaiser, P: Meningiomas of the lateral skull base: Neurologic manifestations and patterns of recurrence. Otolaryngol Head and Neck Surg. 103:972-980, 1990.
  58. Lopate, G, Black, JT, Grubb, RL,Jr.: Cavernous hemangioma of the spinal cord: report of two unusual cases. Neurology 40:1791-1793, 1990.
  59. Carpenter, DA, Grubb, RL, Jr., Powers, WJ: Border zone hemodynamics in cerebrovascular disease. Neurology 40:1587-1592, 1990.
  60. Molleston, MC, Roth, KA, Wippold, FJ, Grubb, RL,Jr.: Tethered cord syndrome from a choristoma of Mullerian origin. J. Neurosurg. 74:497-500, 1991.
  61. Carpenter, DA, Grubb, RL, Jr., Tempel, LW, Powers, WJ: Cerebral oxygen metabolism after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. J.Cereb.Blood Flow Metab. 11:837-844, 1991.
  62. Modica, PA, Tempelhoff, R., Rich, KM, Grubb, RL, Jr.: Computerized electroencephalographic monitoring and selective shunting: Influence on intraoperative administration of phenylephrine and myocardial infarction after general anesthesia for carotid endarterectomy. Neurosurgery 30:842-846, 1992.
  63. Grubb, RL Jr. and Powers, WJ: Role of Cerebral Hemodynamics in Ischemic Atherosclerotic Cerebrovascular Disease. Neurosurgery Quarterly 3:83-102, 1993.
  64. Gates, GA, Sertl, GO, Grubb, RL,Jr., Wippold, FJ,II: Closure of clival cerebrospinal fluid fistula with biocompatible osteoconductive polymers. Arch. Otolaryngol. Head Neck Surg. 120:459-461, 1994.
  65. Derdeyn, CP, Moran, CJ, Cross, DT, Grubb, RL, Jr., Dacey, RG, Jr.: Intraoperative Digital Subtraction Angiography: A Review of 112 Consecutive Examinations. Am. J. Neuroradiol. 16:307-318, 1995.
  66. Ojemann, JG, Grubb, RL, Jr., Kyriakos, M, Baker, KB: Calcium carbonate apatite deposition in the cervical spine with associated vertebral destruction. Case Report. J.Neurosurg 86:1022-1026, 1997.
  67. Yundt, KD, Grubb, RL Jr., Diringer, MN, Powers, WJ: Cerebral hemodynamics and metabolic changes caused by brain retraction after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. Neurosurgery 40:442-451, 1997.
  68. Yundt, KD, Grubb, RL Jr., Diringer, MN, Powers, WJ: Autoregulatory vasodilation of parenchymal vessels is impaired during cerebral vasospasm. J.Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 18:419-424, 1998.
  69. Derdeyn, CP, Yundt, KD, Videen, TO, Grubb, RL Jr., Carpenter, DA, Powers, WJ: Increased oxygen extraction is associated with prior ischemic events in patients with carotid occlusion. Stroke 29:754-758, 1998.
  70. Grubb, RL Jr., Derdeyn, CP, Fritsch, SM, Carpenter, DA, Yundt, KD, Videen, TO, Spitznagel, EL, Powers, WJ: The importance of hemodynamic factors in the prognosis of symptomatic carotid occlusion. JAMA 280:1055-1060,1998.
  71. Derdeyn, CP, Powers, WJ, Grubb, RL Jr.,: Hemodynamic effects of middle cerebral artery stenosis and occlusion. Am.J.Neuroradiol. 19:1463-1469, 1998.
  72. Grubb, RL Jr.: Henry G. Schwartz, MD 1909-1998. An obituary. J.Neurosurg. 90:599-602, 1999.
  73. Derdeyn, CP, Videen, TO, Fritsch, SM, Carpenter, DM, Grubb, RL Jr., Powers, WJ: Compensatory mechanisms for chronic cerebral hypoperfusion in patients with carotid occlusion. Stroke 30:1019-1024, 1999.
  74. Derdeyn, CP, Shaibani, A, Moran, CJ, Cross, DT III, Grubb, RL Jr., Powers, WJ: Lack of correlation of angiographic findings and degree of hemodynamic compromise in patients with carotid occlusion. Stroke 30:1025-1032, 1999.
  75. Derdeyn, CP, Grubb, RL Jr., Powers, WJ: Cerebral hemodynamic impairment: Methods of measurement and association with stroke risk. Neurology 53:251-259, 1999.
  76. Derdeyn, CP, Videen, TO, Simmons, NR, Yundt, KD, Fritsch, SM, Grubb, RL Jr., Powers, WJ: Count-based PET method for predicting ischemic stroke in patients with symptomatic carotid arterial occlusion. Radiology 212:499-506, 1999.
  77. Diringer MN, Yundt, KD, Videen, TO, Adams, RE, Zazulia, AR, Deibert, E, Aiyagari, V, Dacey, RG Jr., Grubb, RL Jr., Powers, WJ: No reduction in cerebral metabolism as a result of early moderate hyperventilation following severe traumatic brain injury. J.Neurosurg 92:7-13, 2000.
  78. Powers, WJ, Derdeyn, CP, Fritsch, SM, Carpenter, DA, Yundt, KD, Videen, TO, Grubb, RL Jr.: Benign prognosis of never-symptomatic carotid occlusion. Neurology 54:878-882, 2000.
  79. Derdeyn, CP, Simmons, NR, Videen, TO, Yundt, KD, Fritsch, SM, Carpenter, DA, Grubb, RL Jr., Powers, WJ: Absence of selective deep white matter ischemia in chronic carotid disease: A positron emission tomographic study of regional oxygen extraction. AmJ.Neuroradiol. 21:631-638, 2000.
  80. Derdeyn, CP, Gage, BP, Grubb, RL Jr., Powers, WJ: Cost-effectiveness analysis of therapy for symptomatic carotid occlusion: PET screening before selective extracranial-to-intracranial bypass vs. medical treatment. J.Nucl.Med. 41:800-807, 2000.
  81. Derdeyn, CP, Videen, TO, Grubb, RL, Jr., Powers, WJ: Comparison of PET oxygen extraction fraction methods for the prediction of stroke risk. J.Nucl.Med. 42:1195-1197, 2001.
  82. Powers, WJ, Zazulia, AR, Videen, TO, Adams, RE, Yundt, K, Aiyagari, V, Grubb, RL, Jr., Diringer, MN: Autoregulation of cerebral blood flow surrounding acute intracerebral hemorrhage. Neurology 57:18-24, 2001.
  83. Zazulia, AR, Diringer, MN, Videen, TO, Yundt, K, Adams, RE, Aiyagari, V, Grubb, RL, Jr., Powers, WJ: Hypoperfusion without ischemia surrounding acute intracerebral hemorrhage. J.Cereb. Blood Flow Metab. 24:804-810, 2001.
  84. Derdeyn, CP, Khosla, A, Videen, TO, Fritsch, SM, Carpenter, DL, Grubb, RL, Jr., Powers, WJ: Severe hemodynamic impairment and borderzone-region infarction. Radiology 220:195-201, 2001.
  85. Grubb, RL, Jr., Powers, WJ: Risks of stroke and current indications for cerebral revascularization in patients with carotid occlusion. In: Neurosurgical Clinics of North America 12:473-488, 2001.
  86. Adams, HP, Jr., Powers, WJ, Grubb, RL, Jr., Clarke, WR, Woolson, RF: Preview of a new trial of extracranial-to-intracranial anastomosis. The Carotid Occlusion Surgery Study. In: Neurosurgical Clinics of North America 12:613-624, 2001.
  87. Diringer, MN, Videen, TO, Yundt, K, Zazulia, AR, Aiyagari, V, Dacey, RG, Grubb, RL, Jr., Powers, WJ: Regional cerebrovascular and metabolic effects of hyperventilation following severe traumatic brain injury. J.Neurosurg 96:103-108, 2002.
  88. Derdeyn, CP, Videen, TO, Yundt, KD, Fritsch, SM, Carpenter, D, Grubb, RL, Jr., Powers, WJ: Variable relationship between cerebral blood volume and oxygen extraction: stages of chronic hemodynamic impairment revisited. Brain 125:595-607, 2002.
  89. Derdeyn, CP, Cross, DT III, Moran, CJ, Brown, GW, Pilgram, TK, Diringer, MN, Grubb, RL, Jr., Rich, KM, Chicoine, MR, Dacey, RG, Jr.: Procedural thrombus and post-procedural ischemic events after treatment of intracranial aneurysms with GDC. J. Neurosurgery 96:837-843, 2002.
  90. Fox, DJ, Jr., Moran, CJ, Cross, DT, III, Grubb, RL, Jr., Rich, KM, Chicoine, MR, Dacey, RG, Jr., Derdeyn, CP: Long-term outcome after angioplasty and stenting for symptomatic extracranial carotid stenosis in poor surgical candidates. Stroke 33:2877-2880, 2002.
  91. Leuthardt, E, Fox, DJ, Rich, KM, Dacey, RG, Ojemann, GA, Grubb, RL, Ojemann, JG: Frameless stereotaxy without rigid pin fixation during awake craniotomies. Stereotact Funct Neurosurgery 79:256-261, 2002.
  92. Grubb, RL, Jr., Powers, WJ, Derdeyn, CP, Adams, HP, Jr., Clarke, WR: The Carotid Occlusion Surgery Study (COSS). Neurosurgery Focus 14: Article 9, 2003.
  93. Adams, HP, Jr, Adams, RJ, Brott, T, del Zoppo, GJ, Furlan, A, Goldstein, LB, Grubb, RL, Higashida, R, Kidwell, C, Kwiatkowski, TG, Marler, JR, Hademenos, GJ: Guidelines for the early management of patients with ischemic stroke. A scientific statement from the Stroke Council of the American Stroke Association. Stroke 34:1056-1083, 2003.
  94. Grubb, RL, Jr.: Extracranial-Intracranial Arterial Bypass for Treatment of Occlusion of the Internal Carotid Artery. Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports 4:23-30, 2004.
  95. Grubb, RL, Jr.: Sidney Goldring, M.D., 1923-2004. An obituary. J. Neurosurgery 102: 577-579, 2005.
  96. Derdeyn, CP, Grubb, RL, Jr., Powers, WJ: Indications for Cerebral Revascularization for Patients with Atherosclerotic Carotid Occlusion. Skull Base 15: 7-14, 2005.
  97. Jost SC 7. Jost, SC, Diringer, MN, Zazulia, AR, Videen, TO, Aiyagari, V, Grubb, RL, Jr., Powers, WJ: Normal saline bolus increases cerebral blood flow in regions with low baseline flow in patients with vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage. J. Neurosurgery, 103: 25-30, 2005.
  98. Leuthardt, EC, Chicoine, MR, Grubb, RL, Jr.: Ventricular catheter tack-down suture: technical note. Surg. Neurol. 64: 270-271, 2005.
  99. Hallemeier, CL, Rich, KM, Grubb, RL, Jr., Chicoine, MR, Moran, CJ, Cross, DT III, Zipfel, GJ, Dacey, RG, Jr., Derdeyn, CP: Clinical Features and Outcome in North American Adults with Moyamoya Phenomenon. Stroke 37: 1490-1496, 2006.
  100. Adams, HP, Jr., del Zoppo, G, Alberts, MJ, Bhatt, DL, Brass, L, Furlan, A, Grubb, RL, Jr., Higashida, RT, Jauch, EC, Kidwell, C, Lyden, PD, Morgenstern, LB, Quereshi, AI, Rossenwasser, RH, Scott, PA, Wijdicks, EFM: Guidelines for the Early Management of Adults with Ischemic Stroke. Stroke 38: 1655-1711, 2007.
  101. Derdeyn, CP, Carpenter, DA, Videen, TO, Grubb, RL, Jr., Powers, WJ: Patterns of Infarction in Hemodynamic Failure. Cerebrovasc Dis 24:11-19, 2007
  102. Derdeyn, CP, Carpenter, DA, Videen, TO, Grubb, RL, Jr., Powers, WJ: No Effectof Low-dose Statin Treatment on Cerebral Blood Flow in Humans with Atherosclerotic Cerebrovascular Disease. J. Cereb Blood Flow Metab. In press, 2007.