Department of  Neurosurgery
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Michael R. Chicoine, MD

Michael R. Chicoine, MDAugust A. Busch, Jr. Professor of Neurological Surgery
Professor of Neurological Surgery

Washington University School of Medicine
Department of Neurological Surgery
660 S. Euclid Avenue
Campus Box 8057
St. Louis, Missouri 63110

Administrative Office: 314-747-6143
Patient Appointments: 314-362-3577
Fax: 314-362-2107

Clinical Interests
Skull base tumors; cerebrovascular surgery (aneurysms, AVMs, carotid disease); neuro-oncology (benign and malignant brain and spinal cord tumors); pituitary tumors; Chiari malformations; general adult neurosurgery.

Research Interests
Biology of brain tumors; mechanisms underlying invasion of gliomas and meningiomas; evaluations of lipopolysaccharide as an antitumoral agent. Assessment of tumor growth upon brain function; MRI imaging of brain tumors. Additionally, Dr. Chicoine is a clinical research investigator pursuing novel treatment strategies for brain tumors through ongoing clinical trials. Furthermore, advanced intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI) strategies are being explored for brain tumors, Chiari malformations, and other neurological diseases using the newly installed high-field strength iMRI operating rooms at Barnes-Jewish Hospital. More information on iMRI facilities at Barnes Jewish Hospital.

Education
BS, Biology, Summa Cum Laude, Phi Beta Kappa
Bronze Tablet Award (top 3% of university graduates)
University of Illinois, Champaign
Urbana, Illinois
1982 - 1985

MD, University of California at Los Angeles School of Medicine
Regents' Scholarship
Los Angeles, California
1986 – 1990

Residency
Intern, General Surgery
Barnes-Jewish Hospital & Washington University School of Medicine
St. Louis, Missouri
1990 – 1991

Resident, Neurological Surgery
Barnes-Jewish Hospital & Washington University School of Medicine
St. Louis, Missouri
1991 - 1996

Chief Resident, Neurological Surgery
Barnes-Jewish Hospital & Washington University School of Medicine
St. Louis, Missouri
1996-1997

Fellowship
Fellow, Skull Base Neurosurgery
Good Samaritan Hospital & University of Cincinnati School of Medicine
Cincinnati, Ohio
1997-1998

Hospital Appointments
Barnes-Jewish Hospital
St. Louis Children’s Hospital

Medical Licensure
Missouri

Board Certification
American Board of Neurological Surgeons (2002)

Consultant Affiliation
Consulting neurosurgeon
St. Louis Rams

Publications

  1. Chicoine MR, Silbergeld DL: Assessment of Brain Tumor Cell Motility In Vivo and In Vitro. J Neurosurgery, 82:615-622, 1995.
  2. Chicoine MR, Madsen CL, Silbergeld DL: In Vitro modification of human glioma cell locomotion by cytokines: EGF, FGF, PDGF, NGF, AND TNF alpha. Neurosurgery 36:1165-71, 1995.
  3. Chicoine MR, Silbergeld DL: The in vitro Motility of Human Gliomas Increases with Increasing Grade of Malignancy. Cancer 75:2904-2909, 1995.
  4. Silbergeld DL, Chicoine MR: In vitro Assessment of Taxol for Human Glioblastoma: Chemosensitivity and Cellular Locomotion. Anti-Cancer 6:270-76, 1995.
  5. Silbergeld DL, Chicoine MR, Ojemann JG: Cortical Mapping Demonstrates Human Somatosensory Gyrus Is Larger Than Motor Gyrus. J Epilepsy 8:246-9, 1995.
  6. Chicoine MR, Silbergeld DL: Invading C6 glioma cells maintain tumorgenicity. JNeurosurgery 83:665-671, 1995.
  7. Chicoine MR, Park TS, Vogler GP, Kaufman BA: Predictors of ability to walk after selective dorsal rhizotomy in children with cerebral palsy. Neurosurgery, 38(4): 711-714, April 1996.
  8. Chicoine MR, Silbergeld DL: Pharmacology for Neurosurgeons. Part I: Anticonvulsants, Chemotherapy, Antibiotics. Contemporary Neurosurgery, Volume 18 (12), June 1996.
  9. Chicoine MR, Park TS, Kaufman BA: Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy Reduces Rates of Orthopedic Surgery in Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy, J Neurosurgery 86(1) 34-9 1997.
  10. Silbergeld DL, Chicoine MR: Isolation and Characterization of Human Malignant Glioma Cells from Histologically Normal Brain. J Neurosurgery 86(3): 525-531, 1997.
  11. Chicoine MR, Silbergeld D: Mitogens as Motogens. J Neurooncology 35(3): 249-257, 1997.
  12. Aziz KA, van Loveren, Kawase T, Tew J, Chicoine MR: The Kawase Approach to Retrosellar and Upper Clival Basilar Aneurysms: A new Classification to Basilar Artery Aneurysms, Neurosurgery 44 (6): 1225-1234, 1999 - article featured on journal cover.
  13. Sherburn EW, Kim P, Wanebo JA, Song S, Chicoine MR, Woolsey TA: Gliomas in the rodent barrel cortex: a novel tumor model. J Neurosurgery 91:814-821, 1999 - article featured on journal cover.
  14. Chicoine MR, Zahner M., Won EK: Intratumoral Injection of Lipopolysaccharide Causes Regression of Subcutaneously Implanted Mouse Glioblastoma Multiforme. Neurosurgery 48:607-615 2001.
  15. Perry A, Chicoine MR, Filiput E, Miller JP, Cross DT: Clinicopathologic Assessment and Grading of Embolized Meningiomas: A Correlative Study of 64 Patients. Cancer 92:701-11, 2001.
  16. Wanebo JA, Chicoine MR: Quantitative Analysis of Transcondylar Approach to the Foramen Magnum. Neurosurgery 49: 934-943, 2001.
  17. Derdeyn CP, Cross DT, Moran CJ, Brown G, Pilgram TK, Diringer M, Rich KM, Grubb RL, Chicoine MR, Dacey RG: Procedural Thrombus and Postprocedural Events after Treatment of Intracranial Aneurysms with GDC. J Neurosurgery 96:837-843 2002.
  18. Watson MA, Gutmann DH, Peterson K, Chicoine MR, Kleinschmidt-DeMasters BK, Brown HG, Perry A: Stratification of Human Meningiomas by Gene Expression Profiling Using High Density Oligonucleotide Microarrays, Am J Pathology 161(2): 665-672, 2002.
  19. Chicoine MR: Microsurgery and Clipping – The Gold Standard for the Treatment of Intracranial Aneurysms, Neurosurgical Anesthesiology. 15(1):61-63, 2003.
  20. Mourad PD, Farrell L, Stamps L, Chicoine MR, Silbergeld DL: Why are systemic glioblastoma metastases rare? Systemic and cerebral growth of a mouse glioblastoma. Surgical Neurology. 63(6):511-9, 2005.
  21. Adzamli K, Yablonskiy DA, Chicoine MR, Won EY, Galen KP, Zahner MC, H. Ackerman JJH, Woolsey TA: Albumin-binding MR Blood Pool Agents in Mouse Glioma model: MP-2269 and MS-325 Enhancement of implanted DBT Tumors. Magn Reson Med 2003 Mar;49(3):586-90.
  22. Leuthardt EC, Chicoine MR, Grubb RL: Ventricular Catheter Tack Down Suture – Technical Note. Surgical Neurology 64: 270–271, 2005.
  23. Fox DJ Jr, Moran CJ, Cross DT 3rd, Grubb RL Jr, Rich KM, Chicoine MR, Dacey RG Jr, Derdeyn CP: Long-term outcome after angioplasty for symptomatic extracranial carotid stenosis in poor surgical candidates. Stroke. 33(12): 2877-80, 2002.
  24. Won EK, Zahner MC, Grant EA, Perry A, Higashikubo R, Chicoine MR: The Antitumoral Effect of Lipopolysaccharide Against Glioblastoma is Impaired in the Immune Privileged Central Nervous System, But Can be Augmented by Administration with BCNU, submitted to ACTA Neurochirugica.
  25. Won EK, Zahner MC, Chicoine MR: Analysis of the Antitumoral Mechanisms of Lipopolysaccharide against Glioblastoma Multiforme. Anti-Cancer Drugs 14(6):457-66, 2003.
  26. Yuan L, Choi K, Khosal C, Zheng X, Higashikubo R, Chicoine MR, Rich KM: Tissue transglutaminase 2 inhibition promotes cell death and chemosensitivity in glioblastomas. Molecular Cancer Therapeutics. 4(9):1293-302, 2005.
  27. Lusis EA, Watson MA, Chicoine MR, Lymann M, Roerig P, Reifenberger G, Gutmann DH, Perry A: Integrative Genomic Analysis Identifies NDRG2 as a Candidate Tumor Suppressor Gene that is Frequently Inactivated in Clinically Aggressive Meningiomas. Cancer Research 65:7121-7126, 2005.
  28. Ashley WW, Chicoine MR: Subarachnoid hemorrhage secondary to posterior inferior cerebellar artery aneurysm with anomalous course of the atlantoaxial segment of the vertebral artery. Case report and review of literature. J Neurosurg 103:356–360, 2005.
  29. Chicoine MR, Zahner MC, Won EK, Perry A, Higashikubo R: The in vivo anti-tumoral effects of lipopolysaccride are mediated in part by toll-like receptor 4, Neurosurgery 60:372–381, 2007.
  30. Lusis EA, Chicoine MR, Perry A: High throughput screening of meningioma biomarkers using a tissue microarray, Journal of Neuro-Oncology 73:219-223, 2005.
  31. Cross DT, Moran CJ, Derdeyn CP, Mazumdara A, Rivet D, Chicoine MR,: Neuroform Stent Deployment for Treatment of a Basilar Tip Aneurysm via a Posterior Communicating Artery Route. American Journal of Neuroradiology 26:1-4, November/December, 2005.
  32. Vyas NA, Chicoine MR: Extended survival after evacuation of a subdural hematoma in a 102-year-old patient: case report and review of literature. Surgical Neurology 67:314-17, 2007.
  33. Jost SC, Wanebo JE, Song SK, Chicoine MR, Rich KM, Woolsey TA, Lewis J, Mach R, Garbow JR: In Vivo Imaging in a Murine Model of Glioblastoma. Neurosurgery 60:360–371, 2007.
  34. Limbrick DD, Lusis EA, Chicoine MR, Rich KM, Dacey RG, Dowling JL, Grubb RL, Filiput EA, Dryzmala RE, Mansur DB, Malyapa R, Simpson JR: Combined Surgical Resection and Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Treatment of Cerebral Metastases. Surgical Neurology. 71(3):280-8, discussion 288-9, 2009.
  35. Hallemeier CL, Derdeyn CP, Rich KM, Grubb TL, Jr., Chicoine MR, Moran CJ, Cross DT III, Zipfel GJ, Dacey RG Jr. Outcome in North American adults with Moyamoya phenomenon, Stroke, 37(6):1490-6, 2006.
  36. Leonard JR Perry A, Rubin JB, King AA, Chicoine MR, Gutmann DH: The Role of Surgical Biopsy in the Diagnosis of Glioma in Individuals with Neurofibromatosis-1. Neurology 67:1609-1612, 2006.
  37. Dacey RG., Zipfel GJ Ashley WW, Chicoine MR, Reinert M: Automated, Compliant, High-Flow Common Carotid to Middle Cerebral Artery Bypass: Technical Note. Journal of Neurosurgery 109:559-564, 2008.
  38. Lipira A, Behdad A, Limbrick D, Haughey B, Custer P, Chicoine MR: Titanium Mesh Reconstruction To Maintain Scalp Contour After Temporalis Musculo-fascial Flap Reconstruction of Middle Fossa Floor; A Technical Note and Report of two cases. Skull-Base, 4(19): 303-309, 2009.
  39. Chicoine MR, Rich KM: Clinical management of frequently encountered brain tumors. Mo Med. 2008 Sep-Oct;105(5):429-33. Review.
  40. Strom R, Botros J, Refai D, Moran C, Cross D, Chicoine M, Grubb R, Rich KM, Derdeyn C, Dacey RG, Zipfel GJ: Cranial dural arteriovenous fistulas: asymptomatic cortical venous drainage portends less aggressive clinical course. Neurosurgery. 64(2):241-7; discussion 247-8, 2009.
  41. Johnston JM. Chicoine MR. Dacey RG Jr. Zipfel GJ. Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, hydrocephalus, and acute paraparesis. Neurosurgery. 63(6):1119-24; discussion 1124, 2008.
  42. Zhang D, Johnston JM, Fox MD, Leuthardt EC, Grubb RL, Chicoine MR, Smyth MD, Snyder AZ, Raichle ME, Shimony JS: Preoperative Sensorimotor Mapping in Brain Tumor Patients Using Spontaneous Fluctuations in Neuronal Activity Imaged with Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Initial Experience. Neurosurgery 65 (Operative Neurosurgery Supplement 1):ons226-236, 2009.
  43. Lusis EA, Vellimana AK, Evans J, Chicoine MR: The Use of Electromagnetic Frameless Stereotactic Navigation in an Intraoperative MRI Suite: Technical Note. Submitted, Neurosurgery, 2009.
  44. Hackman T, Chicoine MR, Uppaluri R: Novel application of the palatal island flap for endoscopic skull base reconstruction. Laryngoscope. 119(8):1463-6, 2009.
  45. Goyal MS, Hallemeier CL, Zipfel GJ, M.D.; Rich KM, Grubb RL, Chicoine MR, Dacey RG, Moran, CJ, Cross DT, Derdeyn CP: Clinical features and outcome in North American adults with idiopathic basal arterial occlusive disease without moyamoya collaterals. Neurosurgery, in press.
  46. Leuthardt, EC, Lim CCS, Shah MN, Evans, JA, Rich KM, Dacey RG, Tempelhoff R, Chicoine MR: Utilization of Movable High Field Strength Intraoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging with Awake Craniotomies for Resection of Gliomas. A Preliminary Experience, in press, Neurosurgery.
  47. Chicoine MR, Lim CCH, Evans JA, Singla A, Zipfel GJ, Rich KM, Dowling JL, Leonard JR, Smyth MD, Santiago P, Leuthardt EC, Limbrick DD, Dacey RG: Implementation and Preliminary Clinical Experience with the Use of Ceiling Mounted Mobile High Field Intraoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Between 2 Operating Rooms, ACTA Neurochirgica suppl 109:97-102, 2011.
  48. Blackburn S, Ashley WW, Rich KM, Simpson J, Drzymala R, Ray WZ, MoranCJ, CrossDT: Chicoine MR, Dacey RG, Derdeyn CP, Zipfel GJ: Combined Endovascular Embolization and Stereotactic Radiosurgery in the Treatment of Large Arteriovenous Malformations. In press, J Neurosurgery.
  49. Patil S, Scheithauer BW, Russel G. Strom RG, Manuela Mafra M, Chicoine MR, Perry A: Malignant meningiomas with epithelial (adenocarcinoma-like) metaplasia: A study of three cases. In press, Neurosurgery.
  50. Chole RA, Lim C, Dunham B, Chicoine MR, Dacey RG: A Novel Transnasal Transsphenoidal Speculum - A Design for both Microscopic and Endoscopic Transsphenoidal Pituitary Surgery - Technical Note. In press, J Neurosurgery.